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Class: Puma::Cluster

Relationships & Source Files
Namespace Children
Classes:
Super Chains via Extension / Inclusion / Inheritance
Class Chain:
self, Runner
Instance Chain:
self, Runner
Inherits: Puma::Runner
Defined in: lib/puma/cluster.rb

Overview

This class is instantiated by the `Puma::Launcher` and used to boot and serve a Ruby application when puma “workers” are needed i.e. when using multi-processes. For example `$ puma -w 5`

At the core of this class is running an instance of `Puma::Server` which gets created via the `start_server` method from the `Puma::Runner` class that this inherits from.

An instance of this class will spawn the number of processes passed in via the `spawn_workers` method call. Each worker will have it's own instance of a `Puma::Server`.

Constant Summary

Class Method Summary

Runner - Inherited

Instance Attribute Summary

Instance Method Summary

Constructor Details

.new(cli, events) ⇒ Cluster

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 24

def initialize(cli, events)
  super cli, events

  @phase = 0
  @workers = []
  @next_check = nil

  @phased_state = :idle
  @phased_restart = false
end

Instance Attribute Details

#all_workers_booted?Boolean (readonly)

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 179

def all_workers_booted?
  @workers.count { |w| !w.booted? } == 0
end

#preload?Boolean (readonly)

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 362

def preload?
  @options[:preload_app]
end

Instance Method Details

#check_workers(force = false)

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 183

def check_workers(force=false)
  return if !force && @next_check && @next_check >= Time.now

  @next_check = Time.now + WORKER_CHECK_INTERVAL

  any = false

  @workers.each do |w|
    next if !w.booted? && !w.ping_timeout?(@options[:worker_boot_timeout])
    if w.ping_timeout?(@options[:worker_timeout])
      log "! Terminating timed out worker: #{w.pid}"
      w.kill
      any = true
    end
  end

  # If we killed any timed out workers, try to catch them
  # during this loop by giving the kernel time to kill them.
  sleep 1 if any

  while @workers.any?
    pid = Process.waitpid(-1, Process::WNOHANG)
    break unless pid

    @workers.delete_if { |w| w.pid == pid }
  end

  @workers.delete_if(&:dead?)

  cull_workers
  spawn_workers

  if all_workers_booted?
    # If we're running at proper capacity, check to see if
    # we need to phase any workers out (which will restart
    # in the right phase).
    #
    w = @workers.find { |x| x.phase != @phase }

    if w
      if @phased_state == :idle
        @phased_state = :waiting
        log "- Stopping #{w.pid} for phased upgrade..."
      end

      w.term
      log "- #{w.signal} sent to #{w.pid}..."
    end
  end
end

#cull_workers

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 157

def cull_workers
  diff = @workers.size - @options[:workers]
  return if diff < 1

  debug "Culling #{diff.inspect} workers"

  workers_to_cull = @workers[-diff,diff]
  debug "Workers to cull: #{workers_to_cull.inspect}"

  workers_to_cull.each do |worker|
    log "- Worker #{worker.index} (pid: #{worker.pid}) terminating"
    worker.term
  end
end

#halt

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 344

def halt
  @status = :halt
  wakeup!
end

#next_worker_index

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 172

def next_worker_index
  all_positions =  0...@options[:workers]
  occupied_positions = @workers.map { |w| w.index }
  available_positions = all_positions.to_a - occupied_positions
  available_positions.first
end

#phased_restart

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 323

def phased_restart
  return false if @options[:preload_app]

  @phased_restart = true
  wakeup!

  true
end

#redirect_io

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 57

def redirect_io
  super

  @workers.each { |x| x.hup }
end

#reload_worker_directory

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 349

def reload_worker_directory
  dir = @launcher.restart_dir
  log "+ Changing to #{dir}"
  Dir.chdir dir
end

#restart

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 318

def restart
  @restart = true
  stop
end

#run

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 401

def run
  @status = :run

  output_header "cluster"

  log "* Process workers: #{@options[:workers]}"

  before = Thread.list

  if preload?
    log "* Preloading application"
    load_and_bind

    after = Thread.list

    if after.size > before.size
      threads = (after - before)
      if threads.first.respond_to? :backtrace
        log "! WARNING: Detected #{after.size-before.size} Thread(s) started in app boot:"
        threads.each do |t|
          log "! #{t.inspect} - #{t.backtrace ? t.backtrace.first : ''}"
        end
      else
        log "! WARNING: Detected #{after.size-before.size} Thread(s) started in app boot"
      end
    end
  else
    log "* Phased restart available"

    unless @launcher.config.app_configured?
      error "No application configured, nothing to run"
      exit 1
    end

    @launcher.binder.parse @options[:binds], self
  end

  read, @wakeup = Puma::Util.pipe

  setup_signals

  # Used by the workers to detect if the master process dies.
  # If select says that @check_pipe is ready, it's because the
  # master has exited and @suicide_pipe has been automatically
  # closed.
  #
  @check_pipe, @suicide_pipe = Puma::Util.pipe

  if daemon?
    log "* Daemonizing..."
    Process.daemon(true)
  else
    log "Use Ctrl-C to stop"
  end

  redirect_io

  Plugins.fire_background

  @launcher.write_state

  start_control

  @master_read, @worker_write = read, @wakeup

  @launcher.config.run_hooks :before_fork, nil

  spawn_workers

  Signal.trap "SIGINT" do
    stop
  end

  @launcher.events.fire_on_booted!

  begin
    force_check = false

    while @status == :run
      begin
        if @phased_restart
          start_phased_restart
          @phased_restart = false
        end

        check_workers force_check

        force_check = false

        res = IO.select([read], nil, nil, WORKER_CHECK_INTERVAL)

        if res
          req = read.read_nonblock(1)

          next if !req || req == "!"

          result = read.gets
          pid = result.to_i

          if w = @workers.find { |x| x.pid == pid }
            case req
            when "b"
              w.boot!
              log "- Worker #{w.index} (pid: #{pid}) booted, phase: #{w.phase}"
              force_check = true
            when "t"
              w.dead!
              force_check = true
            when "p"
              w.ping!(result.sub(/^\d+/,'').chomp)
            end
          else
            log "! Out-of-sync worker list, no #{pid} worker"
          end
        end

      rescue Interrupt
        @status = :stop
      end
    end

    stop_workers unless @status == :halt
  ensure
    @check_pipe.close
    @suicide_pipe.close
    read.close
    @wakeup.close
  end
end

#setup_signals

We do this in a separate method to keep the lambda scope of the signals handlers as small as possible.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 368

def setup_signals
  Signal.trap "SIGCHLD" do
    wakeup!
  end

  Signal.trap "TTIN" do
    @options[:workers] += 1
    wakeup!
  end

  Signal.trap "TTOU" do
    @options[:workers] -= 1 if @options[:workers] >= 2
    wakeup!
  end

  master_pid = Process.pid

  Signal.trap "SIGTERM" do
    # The worker installs their own SIGTERM when booted.
    # Until then, this is run by the worker and the worker
    # should just exit if they get it.
    if Process.pid != master_pid
      log "Early termination of worker"
      exit! 0
    else
      stop_workers
      stop

      raise SignalException, "SIGTERM"
    end
  end
end

#spawn_workers

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 129

def spawn_workers
  diff = @options[:workers] - @workers.size
  return if diff < 1

  master = Process.pid

  diff.times do
    idx = next_worker_index
    @launcher.config.run_hooks :before_worker_fork, idx

    pid = fork { worker(idx, master) }
    if !pid
      log "! Complete inability to spawn new workers detected"
      log "! Seppuku is the only choice."
      exit! 1
    end

    debug "Spawned worker: #{pid}"
    @workers << Worker.new(idx, pid, @phase, @options)

    @launcher.config.run_hooks :after_worker_fork, idx
  end

  if diff > 0
    @phased_state = :idle
  end
end

#start_phased_restart

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 46

def start_phased_restart
  @phase += 1
  log "- Starting phased worker restart, phase: #{@phase}"

  # Be sure to change the directory again before loading
  # the app. This way we can pick up new code.
  dir = @launcher.restart_dir
  log "+ Changing to #{dir}"
  Dir.chdir dir
end

#stats

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 355

def stats
  old_worker_count = @workers.count { |w| w.phase != @phase }
  booted_worker_count = @workers.count { |w| w.booted? }
  worker_status = '[' + @workers.map { |w| %Q!{ "pid": #{w.pid}, "index": #{w.index}, "phase": #{w.phase}, "booted": #{w.booted?}, "last_checkin": "#{w.last_checkin.utc.iso8601}", "last_status": #{w.last_status} }!}.join(",") + ']'
  %Q!{ "workers": #{@workers.size}, "phase": #{@phase}, "booted_workers": #{booted_worker_count}, "old_workers": #{old_worker_count}, "worker_status": #{worker_status} }!
end

#stop

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 332

def stop
  @status = :stop
  wakeup!
end

#stop_blocked

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 337

def stop_blocked
  @status = :stop if @status == :run
  wakeup!
  @control.stop(true) if @control
  Process.waitall
end

#stop_workers

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 35

def stop_workers
  log "- Gracefully shutting down workers..."
  @workers.each { |x| x.term }

  begin
    @workers.each { |w| Process.waitpid(w.pid) }
  rescue Interrupt
    log "! Cancelled waiting for workers"
  end
end

#wakeup!

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 234

def wakeup!
  return unless @wakeup

  begin
    @wakeup.write "!" unless @wakeup.closed?
  rescue SystemCallError, IOError
    Thread.current.purge_interrupt_queue if Thread.current.respond_to? :purge_interrupt_queue
  end
end

#worker(index, master)

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'lib/puma/cluster.rb', line 244

def worker(index, master)
  title  = "puma: cluster worker #{index}: #{master}"
  title += " [#{@options[:tag]}]" if @options[:tag] && !@options[:tag].empty?
  $0 = title

  Signal.trap "SIGINT", "IGNORE"

  @workers = []
  @master_read.close
  @suicide_pipe.close

  Thread.new do
    IO.select [@check_pipe]
    log "! Detected parent died, dying"
    exit! 1
  end

  # If we're not running under a Bundler context, then
  # report the info about the context we will be using
  if !ENV['BUNDLE_GEMFILE']
    if File.exist?("Gemfile")
      log "+ Gemfile in context: #{File.expand_path("Gemfile")}"
    elsif File.exist?("gems.rb")
      log "+ Gemfile in context: #{File.expand_path("gems.rb")}"
    end
  end

  # Invoke any worker boot hooks so they can get
  # things in shape before booting the app.
  @launcher.config.run_hooks :before_worker_boot, index

  server = start_server

  Signal.trap "SIGTERM" do
    server.stop
  end

  begin
    @worker_write << "b#{Process.pid}\n"
  rescue SystemCallError, IOError
    Thread.current.purge_interrupt_queue if Thread.current.respond_to? :purge_interrupt_queue
    STDERR.puts "Master seems to have exited, exiting."
    return
  end

  Thread.new(@worker_write) do |io|
    base_payload = "p#{Process.pid}"

    while true
      sleep WORKER_CHECK_INTERVAL
      begin
        b = server.backlog || 0
        r = server.running || 0
        t = server.pool_capacity || 0
        m = server.max_threads || 0
        payload = %Q!#{base_payload}{ "backlog":#{b}, "running":#{r}, "pool_capacity":#{t}, "max_threads": #{m} }\n!
        io << payload
      rescue IOError
        Thread.current.purge_interrupt_queue if Thread.current.respond_to? :purge_interrupt_queue
        break
      end
    end
  end

  server.run.join

  # Invoke any worker shutdown hooks so they can prevent the worker
  # exiting until any background operations are completed
  @launcher.config.run_hooks :before_worker_shutdown, index
ensure
  @worker_write << "t#{Process.pid}\n" rescue nil
  @worker_write.close
end